Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Dolly the Sheep

First mammal cloned from
an adult cell

       Dolly was produced at the Roslin Institute in Scotland in 1996.

It took scientist
227 attempts
 to produce her. 
    Dolly's embryo was placed into 13 different surrogate mothers.

"The procedure for making a clone isn't all that complicated. You take DNA from an adult cell and put it into an egg from which most of the DNA has been removed. You then coax the egg to behave as if it were fertilized. If it does, the resulting embryo will be a genetic copy of the adult animal. Put that embryo into a surrogate mother, and if everything goes well, you get offspring." 

Dolly on the TIME magazine

Dolly became an international phenomenon, getting front page magazine covers and being all over the news. Scientists thought if we could clone a sheep what else could we clone in the future?

Dolly opened more than a world of future possibilities, she set off one of the biggest moral debates ever.
There were 3 sides to the debate:
1. It's not right to be testing on the animals like this.
2. Now that you have cloned animals, what's stopping you from cloning humans! It's not right!
3. This is amazing! We should be encouraging this!

Many countries around the world have now put a law in place, making cloning humans illegal.


We are now able to clone endangered species, improving their chance for survival.
Cloning endangered species

We could use cloning to cure diseases.
Cloning could be a viable tool used to revive extinct species.
Dolly has made people aware of the possibilities the future holds, to the point of genetically modifying pigs so we can use their organs for human organ transplants, or modifying fruit to give an oral vaccine.

Is it right?
We will always have the protestors, there will always be the ethical side to everything.
Many people say that now DOlly has been cloned, how about humans? The whole thing is unnatural, we should just keep everything the way nature intended.
It may even come to a point where there are two classes, the ones who can afford to clone themselves and make the "perfect" child, and the ones who can't, possibly affecting what job people get and people's lives in the future.

Dolly the sheep
9:11 Terrorist attack
The Titanic
How many casualties were there?
No one died in creating Dolly the Sheep.
About 100,000 people died. Turks and Allies.
2,996 people were killed.
1,513 people died. Women, Children, and Men.
How much did it cost?
Although the exact cost to clone Dolly the sheep is not publicaly known, experts have estimated around £500,000.
Economically it cost nothing, but the real cost was thousands of lives died for their country.
The attacks had a significant economical aftermath. Almost $5 trillion dollars were spent in New York to help with economic development and infrastructure needs.
7.5 million dollars were spent  making the Titanic.
Many charities were set up to help victims and their families.   Raising nearly $65,291,918 by today.
Was there any landscape damage?
Yes. Battlefields turned fields into brown mud mixed with blood and barbed wire. Occasional mines going off also affected the landscape of Gallipoli.
Along with the Twin Towers, many other buildings at the World trade Centre site were destroyed or badly damaged.
No. The Titanic sunk down to the bottom of the sea bed.
How does this event Impact the rest of the world?
This opens up a new future where one day we may be able to clone humans or genetically modify many things. Our whole future may be revolved around genetics. This is significant because Dolly sets off an ethical debate about our future.
This is a very significant impact as who got control of Gallipoli would increase their chances at winning the war. WW1 is huge, and Gallipoli is only a small part, but it affected soldiers of the Allies and Turkish soldiers the most.
This attack was one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in the history of the world. Thousands died, and a chase for Osama bin Laden began. Wanted dead or alive. Security through customs has been tighter than ever, to try to prevent anything similar happening again.
The whole world was moved with this tragic story. The Titanic had only enough lifeboats to hold a third of the total people on board. Now, as safety precautions, we fulfil all safety requirements and have enough safety gear to go round for every soul on board.

The Impact of Dolly is quite significant - it opens up a new reality, a new way of thinking and creating. It opens up one of the biggest debates regarding the future of the human race.
All because of Dolly


Gattica – a movie by Andrew Niccol